By Niru Maya Tamng
The process of bringing together more than two nations or parties in obtaining diplomatic solutions to transnational problems is known as multilateral diplomacy. Following the destruction of World War II, the United Nations (UN) was founded in 1945 with a single mission: to maintain worldwide peace and security. However, conflict prevention remains a little-known part of the UN’s mission. Meanwhile, the most efficient and desirable use of diplomacy is to reduce tensions before they become a source of conflict, or, if conflict does occur, to move quickly to limit it and resolve its root causes. By resolving United Nations resolution A/RES/73/127 on December 12, 2018, the International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace was established and marked on April 24, 2019, as “a means to promote the values of the United Nations and to reaffirm the faith of our peoples in the purposes and principles enshrined in its Charter, to reaffirm the importance and relevance of multilateralism and international law and to advance the common goal of lasting and sustained peace through diplomacy” (United Nation, 2022).
The UN set aside the day to underscore the importance of the UN Charter in resolving conflicts peacefully. On this day, the United Nations reaffirmed its Charter and ideals by revising the norms and practices that nations adopt to address the ever-increasing issues of isolation and safety (Hadjikoumis, 2021). On an international day like this, the most important message is that we must honor our commitments. But in the past few months, we have witnessed how humanity is vanishing due to the war and conflict between various nations such as the Taliban’s invasion of Afghanistan and Russia over Ukraine. This current geopolitical crisis comes on top of other major global crises like climate change and the ongoing COVID pandemic, as well as a slew of other threats such as biodiversity loss, financial instability, water, energy, and food insecurity, digital disruption and manipulation, and much more. In such situations, the UN has not supported the victim parties with military aid but instead helped the effect civilians and refugees to evacuate and place them in different developed counties by providing aid and benefits to them. However, though the UN may provide them with a safe and comfy place to stay, the civilians have lost their home country forever, which is more miserable.
Multilateralism DiplomacyIn conclusion, we may have seen the UN is silent in case of war between different nations but in reality, it does not want to make more losses by involving in the dispute between two nations with military force instead it has tried to prevent it in many ways. If the war occurs, then it has helped the refugees and civilians to have a better and safe place to live. Therefore this day “International day of multilateralism democracy for Peace” has many scopes and plays an important role in making the world a place with less dispute and conflicts.